Civil litigation is a term of art which distinguishes lawyer Court work in the non-criminal stream of actions in law. It encompasses not just the representations made in Court but also the pre-trial procedures including interlocutory hearings, and the port-trial procedures such as costs and enforcement of a judgment.
When two or more parties become embroiled in a legal dispute seeking money or another specific performance rather than criminal sanctions, civil litigation is the result. ... A lawyer who specializes in civil litigation is known as a “litigator” or a “trial lawyer.”
Civil Litigation Types
Civil litigation encompasses a broad range of disputes, and litigators generally specialize in one or two specific practice areas. Several common areas include:
• Environmental law • Landlord/tenant disputes • Product liability lawsuits • Personal injury claims • Intellectual property disputes • Construction liability lawsuits • Medical malpractice claims • Employment and labor disputes • Real estate lawsuits • Anti-trust litigation • Workers compensation claims • Education law disputes • Divorce lawsuits